Transnistria

Transnistria: Tiraspol celebrates 10th anniversary of independence

Citizens of Tiraspol celebrated the 10th anniversary of a referendum in which the people voted against joining the Republic of Moldova and for closer integration to the Russian Federation, in the Transnistrian capital, Saturday.

Chairman of the Central Election Commission, Elena Gorodetski along with Chairman of the Transnistrian Moldovan Republic (TMR) Supreme Council Vadim Krasnoselski unveiled a memorial plaque during the festivities.

Transnistria: The Country Which Doesn’t Exist Mapping the World

Gorodetski said that the ten years following the referendum had “demonstrated that it’s been the right decision”. One celebration attendee said “Russia helps us both financially and morally. It gives the Transnistrians a hope.”

Sandwiched between Moldova and the Ukraine, the self-proclaimed republic of Transnistria seems to have hardly changed since the Soviet era.

Not recognised by the UN, the territory is a pawn in Russia’s quest for continued influence in the region. Presenter : Emilie Aubry / Country :France / Year :2018 This article was originally published on Arte.tv

Transnistria: A land in limbo

CNN’s Karl Penhaul gets a rare look inside Transnistria, a self-declared country sandwiched between Moldova and Ukraine.

down bellow article: “Transnistria” originally published on Wikipedia.org

Transnistria (Romanian: [transˈnistria]), the self-proclaimed Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR; Russian: Приднестровская Молдавская Республика, ПМР; Romanian: Republica Moldovenească Nistreană, RMN; Република Молдовеняскэ Нистрянэ; Ukrainian: Придністровська Молдавська Республіка), and also called Transdniester, Trans-Dniestr, Transdniestria, or Pridnestrovie, is a non-recognized state which controls part of the geographical region Transnistria (the area between the Dniester river and Ukraine) and also the city of Bender and its surrounding localities on the west bank.

This area was part of the former Moldavian SSR, and since the dissolution of the USSR has been claimed by the Republic of Moldova as the Administrative-Territorial Units of the Left Bank of the Dniester. Transnistria has been recognized only by three other otherwise non-recognized states: Abkhazia, Artsakh, and South Ossetia.[6] The region is considered by the UN to be part of Moldova.

Transnistria is designated by the Republic of Moldova as the Transnistria autonomous territorial unit with special legal status (Romanian: Unitatea teritorială autonomă cu statut juridic special Transnistria),[7] or Stînga Nistrului (“Left Bank of the Dniester”).[8][9][10]

After the dissolution of the USSR, tensions between Moldova and the breakaway Transnistrian territory escalated into a military conflict that started in March 1992 and was concluded by a ceasefire in July of the same year. As part of that agreement, a three-party (Russia, Moldova, Transnistria) Joint Control Commission supervises the security arrangements in the demilitarised zone, comprising twenty localities on both sides of the river. Although the ceasefire has held, the territory’s political status remains unresolved: Transnistria is an unrecognized but de facto independent semi-presidential republic with its own government, parliament, military, police, postal system, currency and vehicle registration.[11][12][13][14] Its authorities have adopted a constitution, flag, national anthem, and coat of arms. It is the only country still using the hammer and sickle on its flag.

After a 2005 agreement between Moldova and Ukraine, all Transnistrian companies that seek to export goods through the Ukrainian border must be registered with the Moldovan authorities.[15] This agreement was implemented after the European Union Border Assistance Mission to Moldova and Ukraine (EUBAM) took force in 2005.[16] Most Transnistrians also have Moldovan citizenship,[17] but many Transnistrians also have Russian and Ukrainian citizenship. The largest ethnic group is currently the Russian people who make up 34% of the population since 2015.

Transnistria, Abkhazia, South Ossetia, and Artsakh are post-Soviet “frozen conflict” zones.[18][19] These four partially recognised states maintain friendly relations with each other and form the Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations.[20][21][22]

On 20 September 2017, the PMR asked the UN for observer status and complained over Moldovan aggression.

Political map of Transnistria with the differences between the Autonomous Dniestrian Territory de jure and the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic de facto
image: thealternativetravelguide.com

Interview: Transnistran president Shevchuk says he wants a ”civilised divorce” with Moldova

youtube: euronews (in English)
Recent events in Ukraine, notably Russia’s annexation of Crimea, have reopened questions about the future of Transnistria.

The tiny pro-Russian region, which is home to about half a million people, broke away from Moldova in 1992 after a short but bloody civil war. euronews journalist Hans von der Brelie spoke to Transnistria’s president Yevgeny Shevchuk in Tiraspol about where he believes the region’s future lies.

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